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EU-Ombudsmann: Bürger haben ein Interesse an Information zu ACTA, aber kein Recht darauf

Juli 27th, 2010 · No Comments · ACTA, internationale Abkommen, Internet Governance, Internet-Regulierung, Urheberrecht

Man könnte es eine salomonische Entscheidung nennen – oder einen Kotau vor der EU-Kommission: Der Ombudsmann der EU hat nach einer Beschwerde der FFII entschieden, dass Bürger zwar ein Interesse an Information zur geplanten, stark umstrittenen Urheberrechtsrichtlinie ACTA haben, aber kein Recht darauf. Das berichtet die FFII in einer Presserklärung, die noch nicht online ist (ah, jetzt doch):

According to the EU Ombudsman, citizens have a clear interest in being informed about the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). Despite this, he concludes for formal reasons that there was no maladministration by the Council of the European Union when it denied access to the ACTA documents. The Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) had filed a complaint with the Ombudsman concerning the Council’s refusal to grant access to ACTA documents.

Der Ombudsmann argumentiert, dass das Verfahren, das dazu dient, ACTA einzuführen, selbst formal kein Gesetzgebungsprozess ist und daher nicht die Regeln für einen Gesetzgebungsprozess gelten (die z.B. bedeuten würden, dass entsprechende Unterlagen veröffentlicht werden müssen).

Die FFII wertet diese Einschätzung als Schlupfloch, um Gesetze (in diesem Fall eine überstaatliche Richtlinie) zu erlassen, ohne dass die Bürgerinnen und Bürger die Möglichkeit haben zu überprüfen, wie es dazu kam. Dieses Vorgehen verstoße auch gegen das Wiener Übereinkommen, das besage, dass die Historie eines Vertrags eine Rolle bei seiner Auslegung spiele. Ohne vollständige Transparenz müssten die Parlamente (der ACTA-Unterzeichnerstaaten) einem Vertrag zustimmen, dessen Gehalt sie nicht kennen:

„This is a loophole, it is possible to force legislation upon democracies while the public can not scrutinize all documents. The EU legislation on access to documents needs to be repaired. In the meantime, parliaments should not accept the usage of this loophole. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties stipulates that the history of a treaty plays a role in the interpretation of that treaty. Without full disclosure, parliaments will have to decide on a proposal with unknown aspects, a dark horse.“

Die vollständige Meldung (Englisch):

Brussels, 27 July 2010 — According to the EU Ombudsman, citizens have a clear interest in being informed about the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). Despite this, he concludes for formal reasons that there was no maladministration by the Council of the European Union when it denied access to the ACTA documents. The Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) had filed a complaint with the Ombudsman concerning the Council’s refusal to grant access to ACTA documents.

The Ombudsman „agrees that the conclusion of the ACTA may indeed make it necessary for the EU to propose and enact legislation. In that case, the ACTA would constitute the sole or the major consideration underpinning that legislation, and citizens would have a clear interest in being informed about the ACTA.“

While citizens have a clear interest in being informed about ACTA, they do not get access to the ACTA documents. The Ombudsman observes that, although ACTA „could have far-reaching legislative consequences for the EU, this does not mean that the procedure for concluding the ACTA is the same as a legislative procedure, and that the rules governing the latter (including those with regard to public access to documents as set out in the Turco case) apply by analogy to the former.“

FFII analyst Ante Wessels comments: „This is a loophole, it is possible to force legislation upon democracies while the public can not scrutinize all documents. The EU legislation on access to documents needs to be repaired. In the meantime, parliaments should not accept the usage of this loophole. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties stipulates that the history of a treaty plays a role in the interpretation of that treaty. Without full disclosure, parliaments will have to decide on a proposal with unknown aspects, a dark horse.

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